Rules Of Rugby

The game

A rugby game is called “Match”. It is a competition between two teams.

Each game lasts 80 minutes, plus the additional time needed to take the injuries into account and stop the game.

A match consists of 2 halves of forty minutes every. It is controlled by a referee on the field, two assistant referees (touch judges) and, in professional matches, a match official has called a video referee who can use television broadcasts to resolve a particular incident.

The goal of the game is for each team to get as many points as possible. The team with the most points at the end of the time wins the game.

Follow the game

The team that currently has the ball (called “having possession of the ball”) moves it on the court to its opponent’s goal line or attempts to score a missed goal. These are the only two ways that a team can score in “open play”.

By moving the ball on the field, the possession team encounters the defending team that wishes

  • Stop the progress of your opponent; or
  • take control of the ball (A ‘flip’)
  • attack the other objective

This process is repeated until

  • Someone violates the rules of the game – a foul;
  • the ball leaves the field of play – in contact; or a
  • Test or goal is scored.


The field must be 100 meters or less between the posts and an area within the goal behind each post. The length of the in-goal should be between 10 meters and 22 meters.

The playing field must be less than or equal to 70 meters wide.

The goal posts have the shape of an “H” and are placed in the center of the goal line. The two uprights are placed exactly 5.6 meters and the crossbar that connects them to 3 meters from the ground.


Points are scored by scoring a try or goal.

A try succeeds only when the player passes the ball through the goal line and drops it. The ground connection occurs when the ball is on the ground and the player’s hand is on the ball. This “attempt” is worth 5 points.

A goal is scored by hitting the ball between the posts and the crossbar of the posts.

Here are three ways to score a goal:

  • a dropped goal (scored in open play where the ball must touch the ground immediately before the kick);
  • a penalty goal (awarded after the opposing side has violated the laws of rugby and can be kicked from a fixed position on the ground or kicked);
  • a conversion (awarded after a try has been qualified) by a free throw or free throw. A penalty or a lost goal is worth 3 points; A conversion is worth 2 points.

Travel ball

The team in possession may choose to advance by hitting the ball forward. The ball can be passed from the hand of a player to another as long as the ball does not move in the pass. The union of rugby is one of the few ball games where the ball can not be transmitted.


Any player in the attacking team must be behind the ball to participate actively in the game. A player between the ball carrier and the opposing target is out of the game and can not join the game or interfere with the game.


The defending team that wants to take possession of the ball will approach the ball carrier to stop and release it. A tackle is to grab the opposing player and bring him back to the ground.

A tackled player must pass or drop the ball, otherwise it is called a foul. The loosening of the ball allows the opposition to challenge possession of the ball in free play. The game continues until a rule is broken or the ball leaves the game.

Starting line

If the ball comes into contact, she is sent back to the game. This can be quickly carried from a player to a member of his own team. The most common is the “line-out”; here, the two teams line up in equal numbers, separated by a meter and play a ball thrown between them.


If the game stops because a rule has been broken, the game restarts with

  • a scrum
  • free throw or
  • penalty kick

The decision to grant a penalty or free throw belongs to the team of referees and depends on the nature and severity of the infraction. A penalty is a price more severe than a free throw.

Goal kick

The attacking team can score by hitting the ball between the posts and over the crossbar. When trying to shoot at the goal, the ball can only be kicked from the ground:

In the case of a point such as a penalty, the ball may sit in a small plastic cradle or in a pile of sand. From the open game, the player drops the ball and hits it, it takes time and talent.

A successful kick to the goal is worth three points.

Scoring a Try

The most valuable and valuable scoring method is a “try” obtained by placing the ball on the ground in the end zone behind the goal line. This is worth five points.


After scoring a try, the attacking team receives the opportunity of a free throw in the goal. This is called a conversion

The conversion kick is taken from a point located between the two sets of poles, directly in line with the place where the ball hit the ground for the test. The ball may be at any distance from the goalposts, as long as it is along that line.

Writing the ball between the two vertical poles constitutes a “converted attempt” and brings two extra points.