History of Rugby Union

The origin of rugby football is often attributed to a young man by the name of William Webb Ellis who “took the ball in his arms [that is, grabbed him] and ran” whereas taking part in soccer at identical time rugby school of 1823.

Historians, however, have questioned the authenticity of this story, beginning with an official study of the Old Rugbyian Society in 1895. Nevertheless, the Rugby World Cup trophy is called “Webb Ellis” in its entirety. honor. and a plaque at the school. commemorates the “achievement”.

Football has a long tradition in England and football matches were probably played at the rugby school for 200 years before three boys published the first set of rules written in 1845. However, the game presented was similar to “Hurling” to Goal “, described by Richard Carew in his “Cornwall Survey” of 1602. Cornish cyclists traveled to London to compete in sports” demonstration matches “several times in the 17th century.

Until the formation of the Football Association (FA) in October 1863, opposing soccer teams agreed on a set of rules before each game. Teams that compete regularly tend to agree to play a similar football style.

Rugby has the right to claim the first “football clubs” in the world. the Barnes Club (called), established in London in 1839, and the football club Guy’s Hospital (1843). However, the continuity of these two clubs has not been established by the documentation. The Football Club of the University of Dublin is the oldest documented football club in the world in all codes, it was established in 1854; Currently plays rugby in the second division of the Irish league. In the same way, the Edinburgh Academical Football Club was established in Scotland between 1857 and 1858. The Blackheath Rugby Club was founded in 1858 and is the oldest rugby club known in England. He was a initiation member of the soccer Association.. When it became clear that the FA would not run with the ball in the hand and “would load, hold, trip or chop or tear the ball” (“hacking” means hitting the legs of the players). opponents, a characteristic of the game of rugby at that time), Blackheath withdrew from the FA, just over a month after the first meeting. Other rugby clubs have followed this trend and have not joined the FA.

rugby history 1895

In the following years, rugby clubs continued to agree on the rules before the start of each game, but on January 26, 1871 the Rugby Football Union (RFU) was formed, which resulted in uniform rules for all players. clubs in England he played a variety of school rugby laws. [4] Soon, most countries with a large rugby community formed their own national unions. In 1886, the International Rugby Board (IRB) became the world body for the governance and regulation of rugby. The RFU recognized it as such in 1890.

The introduction of rugby in New Zealand was led by Charles John Monro, son of Sir David Monro, then president of the New Zealand House of Representatives. The young Monro had been sent to Christ’s College in East Finchley, north of London, England. This school had adopted the rules of rugby and Monro became an enthusiastic convert. He reported the game to his native Nelson and organized the first rugby match between Nelson College and Nelson Football Club on May 14, 1870. However, a form of rugby was played at Christ’s College in Canterbury in 1853 [5]. . In North America, rugby has become American football and Canadian football.

The 1890s were marked by a clash of cultures between male rugby clubs in northern England and clubs in the south of the middle class in the south of the United Kingdom, a dispute over the nature of professionalism. Several clubs have made payments to their players to compensate for the loss of work time, be they players or coaches. These “lost time” payments were seen as an affront to the Corinthian ideal by the gentlemen who administered the game. On August 29, 1895, 22 clubs separated from the RFU and met at the George Hotel in Huddersfield to form the Northern Rugby Football Union (NRFU), commonly known as the Northern Union (NU). The rules of the NRFU were progressively separated from those of the rugby union, although the name rugby league became official only after the creation of the Northern Rugby League in 1901. The name Rugby Football League (RFL) dates from 1922 A similar schism has opened up in Australia and in other countries. Initially, the Australian rugby league was ruled by the same rules as the rugby union. However, after an Australian and British tour of a professional New Zealand team in 1907 and an Australian tour in Great Britain, the teams of the Southern Hemisphere Rugby League adopted the rules of the Rugby League. For the sake of clarity and comfort, it has become necessary to differentiate between the two rugby codes. The code played by the teams that remained in the national member organizations of the IRB became known as the “rugby union”. The code played by teams playing “open” and allowed rugby.

On August 26, 1995, the IRB declared rugby “open” and eliminated all restrictions of payment or benefits for people related to football. He did so because a committee discovered that it was the only way to end the hypocrisy of shamateurismo and maintain control of the rugby union (there were rumors that Rupert Murdoch planned to finance a professional league in the southern hemisphere). The transition from amateurism to professionalism has undoubtedly improved the quality of rugby. However, professionalism has led to a significant increase in the gap between the more advanced countries and the second group. In addition to the success stories, there have been some famous rugby clubs that have not handled the new era well. The growing popularity of recent years has led to diversification; Female rugby is increasingly popular in the United States and Canada.

The professionalization of rugby union has created a larger and more international base of supporters than before and a large crowd in international competitions. The number of sponsors and club attendance is also increasing in the rugby federations, with many clubs in the English Premier League looking to develop their ground capabilities. The spectators of the main international rugby matches are usually sales. As the rugby union grew, the funds generated led to important agreements that brought the best players from the rugby league to the rugby club.